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Open access articles

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The open access articles published in BioMed Central's journals are made available under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license, which means they are accessible online without any restrictions and can be re-used in any way, subject only to proper attribution (which, in an academic context, usually means citation).

The re-use rights enshrined in our license agreement include the right for anyone to produce printed copies themselves, without formal permission or payment of permission fees. As a courtesy, however, anyone wishing to reproduce large quantities of an open access article (250+) should inform the copyright holder and we suggest a contribution in support of open access publication (see suggested contributions).

Free articles

All articles in BioMed Central journals are available online without charge or other barriers to access. The following journals have published a small number of articles that, while freely accessible, are not open access as outlined in the section above:

These articles may be flagged as 'Free' content and their bibliographic information may indicate that copyright rests with the publisher or another organization. With the exception of a few co-published articles (see below), these free articles may be reproduced for non-commercial purposes without formal permission from BioMed Central or payment of fees, provided full attribution is given. If you wish to reproduce such an article, or parts thereof, for commercial purposes (other than original figures and/or tables), please contact us to check whether formal permission is needed.

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Figures and tables

Reproduction of figures or tables from any article is permitted free of charge and without formal written permission from the publisher or the copyright holder, provided that the figure/table is original, BioMed Central is duly identified as the original publisher, and that proper attribution of authorship and the correct citation details are given as acknowledgment. If you have any questions about reproduction of figures or tables please contact us.

Reprint service

BioMed Central offers a reprint service for those requiring professional quality reproductions of articles. Reprints are produced from the final PDF of the article; if you are interested in reprints of an article which is at Provisional PDF stage, please email us.

25-500 copies of any article with a final PDF can be ordered using the online ordering system provided by EzReprint. From the full text or abstract of the article, selecting the option to ‘Order reprints’ takes you directly to the order page, where the article details will be automatically inserted.

This simple to use service offers a variety of production and payment options, and enables users to have reprints delivered to their door.

For orders of 500+ copies, please contact or use the EzReprint service and select the “Commercial Orders & Higher Quantities” link (see screenshot below).

Commercial reprints

We ask that those wishing to reproduce articles for commercial purposes pay our commercial rates. The income received helps us to waive article-processing charges for authors who lack funds to cover these costs.

A quotation can be obtained by emailing, or using the EzReprint system and selecting “Commercial Orders & Higher Quantities" (see screenshot below).

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